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Convenience stores netting more local food stamp dollars as usage soars

By Pam G. Dempsey '” Champaign native Miesha Jones spends the $315 a month she receives in federal food assistance benefits at Sam's Club.

Jones, the single mother of a three-year-old daughter, usually takes her monthly shopping trip to the bulk food club or, on occasion, Wal-Mart.
"I get everything at once,' said Jones, 24. That way, she said, "you don't spend as much on stuff.'

Jones first applied to the food stamp program a year ago. Now known as Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program '“ SNAP '“ the benefits help low-income families buy most foods.

Nationally, more than 40 million people use food stamp benefits '“ a historic high. Illinois saw a 27 percent increase in applications between June 2009 and June 2010.

Locally, one in 10 Champaign County residents is enrolled in the program, according to data provided by the state Department of Human Services '“ an increase of 27 percent over 2006. In 2006, about 16,300 people in Champaign County were receiving SNAP benefits. By June 2010, there were 20,690 county residents receiving SNAP benefits.

The trend can be linked to the economy, said Tom Green, a spokesman for the Department of Human Services.

"More people are losing jobs, more people are being under employed and there are higher prices,' he said. "Salaries and income are not rising with inflation.'

A family of four with a gross monthly income of about $2,390 could qualify for food stamp benefits, Green said, though income, size of family and assets are the three factors that determine a person's eligibility.

The average amount of monthly household benefits in Illinois is $296. With no income, the maximum amount a household could receive is $668 a month, Green said.

Jones has started studying cosmetology part-time at Regency Beauty Institute. She also works 25 to 30 hours a week a as a bus monitor for the Champaign School District. Her monthly average income is about $800. When she received a small raise, her food stamp assistance was reduced by about $50 a month.

SNAP Basics

Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program '“ SNAP '“ benefits are provided through an electronic card system, much like a debit card.

They can be used to buy most food or food products, including fresh, locally grown fruits and vegetables at farmers' markets across Illinois.

Other foods that SNAP benefits can buy include:

  • breads and cereals
  • fruits and vegetables
  • meat, fish and poultry
  • dairy products. 

SNAP benefits can also buy seeds and plants that produce food for a household.

SNAP benefits cannot buy:

  • beer, wine, liquor or tobacco products
  • vitamins and medicines
  • food that will be eaten in the store
  • hot foods
  • pet foods
  • household supplies such as cleaning supplies and soap
  • paper products. 

Because SNAP benefits are used to buy any item that is a food or food product for home consumption, SNAP benefits can also be used on:

  • soft drinks, candy, cookies, snack crackers and ice cream
  • seafood, steak and bakery cakes

To restrict or limit the types of food eligible for purchase would require an act of Congress. Further, Congress has determined that defining food as luxury or non-nutritious would be too much of a burden and too costly.

Source: USDA  

 


Jones said she applied for the benefits because she cares for her daughter alone without any financial assistance from her daughter's father. But she tries to spend it wisely.

"I save a lot of money,' she said.

Jones favors the bulk food stores over convenience stores where prices are higher.

In the past year, she said, she bought some milk for her daughter from a local convenience store just once.

"Milk at a gas station cost $3,' Jones said. "At Wal-Mart, it cost $2.30.'

Despite higher prices, food stamp spending at convenience stores and combination grocery stores/other stores such as Dollar General is on the rise in Champaign County, even though it is only a small percentage of the total amount of food stamp dollars spent.

The number of county convenience stores that accepted food stamp benefits rose 65 percent between October 2007 and June 2010 '“ from 26 stores in October 2007 to 43 stores in June 2010, according to federal data obtained by CU-CitizenAccess.

In 2008, convenience stores collectively claimed $564,000 in food stamp dollars. For 2009, these stores redeemed nearly $860,000 in food stamp dollars.

Combination grocery stores have followed a similar trend. In 2008, combination grocery stores collected a total of just over $450,000 in food stamp dollars throughout Champaign County. These stores collected just over $733,000 in food stamp dollars in 2009.

The use of SNAP benefits at convenience and combination stores worries some health officials because those stores traditionally don't stock fresh fruit and produce.

"Convenience stores, especially ones in food desert areas, become the main access point for some underserved people,' said Brandon Meline, director of child and maternal health management at Champaign County Health Department. "It's a double-edged sword. There are places to access (food), but anecdotally, we see people accessing potato chips '¦ with SNAP benefits.'

Areas with limited access to affordable and nutritional food are considered food deserts, according to the 2008 Farm Bill.

"More and more convenience stores become SNAP vendors because they want their dollars, but there's not (an) initiative to provide healthier choices,' Meline said.

For convenience stores, though, the future lies in food, said Jeff Lenard, vice president of communications for the National Association of Convenience Stores.

"Basically, everybody is selling food,' he said. "Otherwise, you are limiting your options.'

"Food presents some opportunities,' Lenard said. "Convenience stores, unlike other (types of stores), are in every community. Convenience stores serve everyone, they are in every neighborhood in the country. So I think they are also the stores that change dynamic before any other stores.

"We're looking to take the lead on providing healthier options in areas that are considered food deserts,' he said. "The real critical thing is you have to look at what goes in their mouths, not what comes out of their mouths. Perception is often different than our behavior.'

For Jones, her grocery needs are simple.

"Mostly fruits and vegetables and not that much meat,' she said. "I buy everything except pork.'

 

¨ Copyright 2011 CU-CitizenAccess.